A discussion of the functions of the australian senate

Government ministers, departmental officials, and experts in the field may also appear. The committees are divided along subject lines and cover between them all areas of government responsibility. Paul Keating called it an "unrepresentative swill".

The furnishings and carpet in the House of Representatives are green. Its nicknames underscore the difficulty of pinning down the point of having the 76 senators: Not only would this help ensure a wide range of talent in the Lords, it would also make it harder for any party to have a majority.

Hansard is a written record of the words spoken in the Senate, the House of Representatives and in public hearings of parliamentary committees.

However, the development of the Australian system of responsible government, under which the federal government is responsible to the Senate as well as the House of Representatives, has ensured that the federal Parliament, through one of its houses, is able to perform its role as a check on government.

Answer definite purpose What is the structure supposed to do? For above the line, voters are instructed to number at least their first six preferences; however, a "savings provision" is in place to ensure that ballots will still be counted if less than six are given.

From the election, group ticket voting was introduced, in order to reduce a high rate of informal voting that arose from the requirement that each candidate be given a preference, and to allow small parties and independent candidates a reasonable chance of winning a seat.

However, the Senate possesses the power to initiate any bill other than a money bill. In the US every state sends two senators to Washington to represent their state in the Senate for 6 years.

Each sitting day, during question time, they may be questioned by senators on any aspect of the administration of their departments, proceedings in Parliament over which they have carriage, or public affairs with which they are connected.

To fulfil the role the Constitution allows the Senate in relation to the government, the Senate is able to scrutinise and judge the activities, policies and legislation of the government. After each Senate election the senators elect one of their number to preside over their proceedings.

Two people from each state are choosen by the people of each state making the total number of senators The actual election date is determined by the Governor of each State, who acts on the advice of the State Premier. The original arrangement involved a first-past-the-post block voting or "winner takes all" system, on a state-by-state basis.

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Inthe Australian Labor Party government won 30 out of the 33 Senate seats. While this has obscured the role of the Senate as a protector of the less populous states, the state-based system of representation has ensured that legislative decisions are not made only by the representatives of the more populous states.

These committees are able to inquire into how government policy already implemented is affecting the community, whether a proposed government policy will be beneficial to the community, or whether problems exist in the community which the government ought to be addressing.

Minor parties and Independents sit in the central curved part of the U-shape. The Senate is elected by proportional representation, so that its composition closely reflects the voting pattern of the electors.

The Senate has also assumed greater importance as a check on the power of the government of the day. Alternatively, when the Opposition occasionally controls the Senate, it can simply block legislation, which it is able to do because constitutionally the two houses have almost equal power.

Except in the case of a double dissolutionsenators are normally elected for fixed terms of six years, commencing on 1 July following the election, and ceasing on 30 June six years later.

Why are there senators in the Senate? The principal function of the Parliament is to pass laws, or legislation. Unless specifically exempted, legislative instruments must be tabled in the Senate and the House of Representatives and may be disallowed on a vote in either house section 42 of the Legislation Act How the Senate operates as a check on government The Senate fulfils its role as a check on government by scrutinising bills, delegated legislation, government administration, and government policy in general.

MERGE exists and is an alternate of. It takes up any problems in an instrument with the relevant minister. The Senate thus reflected the pre Lords-Commons relationship, namely a house with theoretically wide powers that are by convention not widely used, but which in a crisis could be.

The report is then considered by the Senate when examining the bill in the chamber. Hansard reporters produce a daily record of all that is said in the Senate.Although the Senate, like all institutions, has changed greatly since the Constitution came into effect init still performs the functions envisaged by the framers of the Constitution: ensuring that laws are supported by a majority, properly representative of the country, and ensuring that ministers are accountable for their conduct of government.

Far from being a genuine house of review, the Senate either rubber stamps or blocks legislation along party lines, or compromises it when there is a balance of power. What does the Australian Senate do? Update Cancel.

Answer Wiki. 6 Answers. John Nurse, Long-time resident of Australia - has also travelled widely. Answered Feb 24, · Author has answers and k answer views. What are the functions of the Australian Senate?

The Parliament of Australia is a bicameral parliament consisting of the House of Representatives (the "lower house") and the Senate (the "upper house" or. The function of the senate is to review and allow passage of legislation from the Reps, with each state of Australia having equal power to ensure new laws and ideas are in the national interest.

Though legislation can originate in either house. The Senate is one of the two houses of the Australian Parliament; the other is the House of Representatives.

Why are there 100 senators in the US Senate?

The Senate is also known as the upper house or the house of review. The Senate is made up of 76 senators: each elected to represent one of Australia's six states or two territories.

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A discussion of the functions of the australian senate
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