People with this blood type are considered "universal donors" and are in great demand at blood banks. The groups are based on whether or not you have two specific antigens -- A and B: In the same way, if you Blood typess the B marker, your body produces A antibodies.
There are eight different blood typesand the type you have is determined by genes you inherit from your parents. O positive is the most common type, with AB negative being the least common. These complications, known as transfusion reactions, may include fever, shortness of breath, bodily aches and pains, rapid heart rate, chills, and low blood pressure, as well as allergic reactions, which could cause itching, hives, wheezing, and, most serious, anaphylactic shock.
It might seem like blood is blood — it all looks pretty much the same to the naked eye. Patients should ideally receive their own blood or type-specific blood products to minimize the chance of a transfusion reaction. Across the world, blood products must be prescribed by a medical doctor licensed physician or surgeon in a similar way as medicines.
That means you can only get a transfusion from someone with A or O blood, not from someone with B or AB blood.
In those cases, the mother can make IgG blood group antibodies. The four main blood groups are: Red blood cell compatibility[ edit ] Blood group AB individuals have both A and B antigens on the surface of their RBCs, and their blood plasma does not contain any antibodies against either A or B antigen.
Depending on which blood type you have, your immune system will produce antibodies to react against other blood types. Hemolytic disease of the newborn Pregnant women may carry a fetus with a blood type which is different from their own.
Antigens live on the surface of your red blood cells. The blood group may be included on identification tags or on tattoos worn by military personnel, in case they should need an emergency blood transfusion.
The positive and negative classifications indicate the presence or absence of Rhesus antigens. They are known as universal recipients. Why Blood Type Matters The immune system produces proteins known as antibodies that act as protectors if foreign cells enter the body.
About 5 million Americans need blood transfusions every year, for all sorts of reasons. Type O-negative blood can be given to people with any blood type.
Sometimes this is lethal for the fetus; in these cases it is called hydrops fetalis.Individuals with Type AB+ blood are considered the universal recipients because people with that type can receive any blood type. Below is a chart listing blood types, the percentage of Americans with that type, and the types they can donate to.
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Blood Types There are four basic types of blood—A, B, AB, and O—each with a positive and negative sub-type.
O positive is the most common type, with AB negative being the least common. While everyone’s blood is made up of the same basic parts, there’s actually a lot of variety in the kinds of blood that exist.
There are eight different blood types, and the type you have is. A blood type (also called a blood group) is defined as the classification of blood based on the presence or absence of inherited antigenic substances on the surface of red blood cells (RBCs).
A series of related blood types constitutes a blood group system, such as the Rh or ABO system. Rh Incompatibility - Learn about the causes, symptoms, diagnosis & treatment from First Aid · 3D Models · Any Time · Latest News.Download