Every art has its own value. And Plato struggles with rhetoric—or sophistry as it is sometimes also called, although the two are not necessarily identical—repeatedly. They lie scattered in seven of his dialogues, more particularly in the Jon, the symposium, the republic and the laws.
The main object of Philosophy is to give some philosophical views which might also preach people. Plato says that imitation is twice removed from the truth.
This is followed by another damaging admission: So, idea is original and the thing is copy of the idea of chair in his mind.
Some poetry comedy and tragedy are mentioned proceeds wholly by imitation, another wholly by simple narration dithyrambs are mentionedand epic poetry combines the two forms of narrative.
The rhetoric of the Gorgias reaches its most bitter stage. Many rhetoricians have artfully and effectively misled their audiences, and Socrates argues—somewhat implausibly perhaps—that in order to mislead one cannot oneself be misled. A Scott-James rightly observes: Popular rhetoric is not an art, but a knack for persuasion.
Plato says of imitative poetry and Homer, a man is not to be reverenced more than the truth. At a minimum, we would expect a rigorous examination of the following: Plato believed that poetry would disable the Greek children in the aspect of reasoning and would make them more emotional.
Famously, or notoriously, Plato refuses to countenance a firm separation between the private and the public, between the virtue of the one and the regulation of the other. Conventional talk of justice, fairness, not taking more than is your share, not pursuing your individual best interest—these are simply ways by which the weak seek to enslave the strong.
He puts an idea into it. Hence, in all the above points, we have seen all the objections raised by Plato. A Scott-James is quite right when he says: If you can knowledgeably e10 pick out a good speaker on a subject, you can also pick out the bad speaker on it, since the precondition of doing the former is that you have knowledge of the relevant subject matter.
Throughout the Republic Plato condemns art in all forms including literature or poetry.
To denounce poetry because it is not philosophy or ideal is clearly absurd. He says that, poets are not only putting the things as it was, but they add something new in it. The Representation of Reality in Western Literature, trans.
They could continue to defend the claim that they really do know the subjects about which they discourse—in the sense of possess the techne kai episteme of them, i.
A poet imitates to gain popularity. Paralyses the balanced thought and encourages the weaker part of soul constituted of the baser impulses. His findings about the nature of imaginative literature and representational fine arts remain valid even today.
The entire portrait of Hades must go, since it is neither true nor beneficial for auditors who must become fearless in the face of death. It is not easy to understand why the topic is so important to Plato, what the essential issues in the quarrel are, and whether rhetoric is always a bad thing.
Art cannot be slavish imitation of reality. These questions are complicated by the fact that Plato was not or, not primarily thinking of poetry as a written text read in silence; he had in mind recitations or performances, often experienced in the context of theater.Plato's Objection to Poetry Essay Plato's Objection to Poetry by dilipbarad, at AM ( Views) He was the first systemic critic who inquired into the nature of imaginative literature and put forward theories which are both illuminating and provocative.
Plato's discussions of rhetoric and poetry are both extensive and influential. As in so many other cases, he sets the agenda for the subsequent tradition.
Literary Theory and Criticism. Literary Theory and Criticism; Unit1: Plato and Aristotle; Unit 2: John Dryden Aristotle's Reply to Plato's Objection 1 Aristotle replied to the charges made by his Guru Plato against poetry in particular and art in general.
He. Plato felt that poetry, like all forms of art, appears to the inferior part of the soul, the irrational, emotional comedy part.
The reader of poetry is seduced, in to feeling undesirable emotions. To Plato, an apparition of poetry is incomparable with an apparition of reason, justice and the search for truth. Platos' Theory Of Forms.
Print Reference this. Published: 23rd March, Last Edited: The objection arises on the basis of the following principal. If two objects have a particular property, then they are so in virtue of their participating in a form (a third form for example a man). If you are the original writer of this essay and.
Plato's Objection to Poetry by dilipbarad, at AM ( Views) He was the first systemic critic who inquired into the nature of imaginative literature and put forward theories which are both illuminating and provocative.Download